Periodontal diseases are gum infections that develop on the roots of teeth. There are two types of periodontal disease: gingivitis and periodontitis (gum disease). Gingivitis is frequently caused by inadequate oral hygiene and is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. However, it is reversible with the right professional care and a good oral hygiene routine.
Periodontitis, or gum disease, develops when bacteria coat tooth roots and cause a chronic inflammatory response. This response deteriorates the gum tissue and ligaments that connect teeth to the jaw. Symptoms of periodontitis include bleeding, swollen, and red gums, bad breath, mouth sores, toothaches, and even loose teeth. Prompt and effective treatment for gum disease is the key to minimizing your risk for more complex problems that can impact long term dental health and overall health and wellness.
At Premier Dentistry in Chicago, IL, Dr. Nechama Brand and Dr. Abraham Stein offer periodontal therapy treatments to help fight infection, prevent missing teeth, and restore smiles.
Causes of Gum Disease
There are several common causes of gingivitis and periodontitis, including:
- Tobacco Products
- Certain Medications
- Poor Oral Hygiene
One of the best ways to prevent gum disease is to maintain your oral health at home and schedule regular appointments at Premier Dentistry. During routine teeth cleanings, we remove plaque buildup that is a large contributing factor to tooth decay and gum disease. Routine appointments to the dentist also result in fresher breath and brighter teeth.
Treating Gum Disease
There are multiple treatment options for patients who have gingivitis or periodontitis:
Scaling & Root Planing: This treatment deep cleans the areas above and below the gum line. To perform scaling, a dental hygienist uses special tools to remove plaque, tartar, and bacteria from the gums. Root planing smooths the surface of the tooth roots so they can reattach to the gums. Depending on your needs, we may need to repeat these treatments more than once to achieve the best results.
Antibacterial Rinses: An antibacterial rinse can benefit patients in the early stages of gum disease. Dr. Stein or Dr. Brand may prescribe a specific rinse to help improve your health and prevent gum irritation from developing further.
Laser Dentistry: In some cases, dental lasers may eliminate the need for gum surgery. Dental lasers precisely and safely remove diseased tissue while minimizing the risk of infection. Lasers offer many benefits including reduced bleeding, quick care, and painless treatment. Dental lasers also promote a faster healing response from the body.
Gum Surgery: For advanced stages of gum disease, gum surgery may be needed to remove diseased tissue. We will refer you to a specialist that can treat severe gum disease comfortably.
Schedule a Consultation
Do your gums bleed when you brush and floss your teeth? You may be developing gum disease. Request an appointment with Chicago, IL dentists Dr. Brand or Dr. Stein today. You may also call Premier Dentistry for comfortable dental care at 312.481.6859. At Premier Dentistry, our goal is to make treatment as comfortable as possible. If you have any questions about gum disease treatment, please let Dr. Brand or Dr. Stein know at your next consultation. They will be happy to review your treatment options with you.